Receiving Udp Packets

From IronPython Cookbook

Receiving Udp packets is a little bit more complex than sending them. You setup the listener using an AsyncCallback. When a packet is received, you need to restart the listener with a new AsyncCallback.

NOTE: This example shows sending Udp packets to a multicast group. If you are sending to an IP address instead of a multicast group, you can remove the call to JoinMultiCastGroup.

from System import AsyncCallback
from System.Net import IPAddress, IPEndPoint
from System.Net.Sockets import UdpClient
from System.Text import Encoding


class UdpReceiver(object):

    def __init__(self, port, group):
        self.closed = False
        addr = IPAddress.Parse(port)
        self.client = UdpClient(group)
        try:
            self.client.JoinMulticastGroup(addr)
        except WindowsError:
            raise Exception("Can't join the multicast group.")

        self.beginReceive()


    def close(self):
        self.closed = True
        self.client.Close()


    def beginReceive(self):
        self.client.BeginReceive(AsyncCallback(self.udpReceive), None)


    def readData(self, asyncResult):
        if self.closed:
            return ""
        remote = IPEndPoint(IPAddress.None, 0)
        receivedBytes, remote = self.client.EndReceive(asyncResult, remote)
        return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(receivedBytes).upper()


    def udpReceive(self, asyncResult):
        data = self.readData(asyncResult)
        self.beginReceive()
        print "Received Data:", data
        

You use it as follows:

port = 5555
group = "230.29.35.5"
receiver = UdpReceiver(port, group)


Implement the behaviour you need in the udpReceive method. Don't forget that it will be launched on a separate thread by the AsyncCallback. If you want to know about multicast groups, see Sending Udp Packets.

The disadvantage of this approach is that the callback is re-registered everytime a packet is received. If one is received whilst your program is shutting down, then the callback may attempt to access disposed objects inside udpReceive. You will need to put exception handling in place to take account of this.


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